Cost evaluation of environmental degradation (COED)

Evaluation of the impact of municipal waste on environmental degradation

Definition, objective and added value

The main objective of this approach is to evaluate the cost of environmental degradation, which is caused by municipal waste. Thereby, it aims at assisting national and local decision-makers in identifying and prioritizing actions which allow to improve waste management and to implement projects, that are environmentally friendly and reduce negative externalities.

Desired outcomes of this approach are:

  • Overview of economic contributions to waste management problems within the Greater Tunis area;
  • Cost evaluation of environmental and ecological Degradation;
  • Environmental health;
  • Economic analysis on main alternatives;
  • Concrete recommendations on how to integrate environmental benefits and improve waste management.

The cost of environmental degradation are costs which are created through bad waste management practices and reduce general welfare. Welfare losses include amongst other things:

  • General health and welfare losses for the population (e.g. disease burden);
  • Economic losses (e.g. foregone revenues);
  • Losses in terms of failures to seize environmentally friendly opportunities (in the field of tourism, fishery resources and biodiversity).

Practical examples

  • COED study Tunisia (Greater Tunis – Djerba)
  • COED study Libanon (Beirut)
  • COED study Morocco (Rabat)

Reference documents in English


Reference documents in Arabic, French and German